Glass Transition Study in Model Food Systems Prepared with Mixtures of Fructose, Glucose, and Sucrose Article uri icon


  • The glass transition temperature of model food systems prepared with several glucose/fructose/sucrose mass fractions was studied using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). A distance-based experimental design for mixtures of 3 components was used to establish the proportion of sugars of the model systems. Thus, 32 compositions including individual sugars and sugar mixtures, both binary and ternary were prepared and analyzed. Thermograms showing the complete process of heating-cooling-reheating were used to determine the precise glass transition temperature during cooling () or reheating () in amorphous sugars. The Scheffe cubic model was applied to experimental results to determine the influence of sugar composition on the glass transition temperature (P < 0.05). The final model proved to be appropriate (R2 > 0.97, CV < 9%25, model significance <0.0001) to predict the Tg values of any dry mixture of amorphous fructose, glucose, and sucrose. © 2012 Institute of Food Technologists®.

publication date

  • 2012-01-01