Formaldehyde and tripolyphosphate crosslinked chitosan hydrogels: Synthesis, characterization and modeling Article uri icon


  • In this work, the synthesis of crosslinked chitosan hydrogels was performed by ionic and covalent interactions using tripolyphosphate (TPP) and formaldehyde (CH2O), respectively. The hydrogels synthesis was performed using a D-Optimal combined experiment design with two mixing variables, A and B representing the TPP weight fraction (slack variable) and CH2O weight fraction, respectively, and three (3) process variables C-chitosan concentration, D-cross-linker concentration, and E-Contact time. The response variables studied were the point of zero charge (pHPZC), the swelling ratio (SW), and the equilibrium water content (EWC), which are relevant physicochemical properties in applications such as the pollutant removal from water. According to the ANOVA results, the model obtained was significant; this means it can be adequately used to predicting pHPZC, SW, and EWC from the mixing and process variables, obtaining coefficients of determination R2 of 0.9572, 0.8900, and 0.8447, respectively. The pHPZC is affected by chitosan concentration, while the crosslinker concentration influences the SW, and the contact time most significantly affected the EWC. Morphology and hardness tests, thermal stability, infrared spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy, allowed verifying the types of crosslinking of chitosan with TPP and CH2O. © 2021

publication date

  • 2021-01-01