An overview of nanogel-based vaccines Review uri icon


  • Introduction: The development of more efficacious vaccines, especially subunit vaccines administered via non-invasive routes, is a priority in vaccinology. Nanogels are materials that can meet the requirements to serve as efficient vaccine delivery vehicles (in terms of thermo-sensitivity, biocompatibility, and pH-responsiveness; among others); thus there is a growing interest in exploring the potential of nanogels for vaccine development. Areas covered: Herein, a critical analysis of nanogel synthesis methodologies is presented and nanogel-based vaccines under development are summarized and placed in perspective. Promising vaccine candidates based on nanogels have been reported for cancer, obesity, and infectious diseases (mainly respiratory diseases). Some of the candidates were administered by mucosal routes which are highly attractive in terms of simple administration and induction of protective responses at both mucosal and systemic levels. Expert opinion: The most advanced models of nanogel-based vaccines comprise candidates against cancer, based on cholesteryl pullulan nanogels evaluated in clinical trials with promising findings; as well as some vaccines against respiratory pathogens tested in mice thus far. Nonetheless, the challenge for this field is advancing in clinical trials and proving the protective potential in test animals for many other candidates. Implementing green synthesis approaches for nanogels is also required. © 2019, © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor %26 Francis Group.

publication date

  • 2019-01-01