Degradation of cellulose by the bean-pathogenic fungus Colletotrichum lindemuthianum. Production of extracellular cellulolytic enzymes by cellulose induction Article uri icon


  • Colletotrichum lindemuthianum was able to grow and produce extracellular cellulolytic activity in a defined medium containing cellulose as the main carbon substrate. As measured either by the hydrolysis of 4-methylumbelliferyl-β-D-cellotrioside or the release of glucose from carboxymethylcellulose, activity reached a peak after 13 days of incubation and then declined whereas growth markedly increased afterwards. Detection of glucose in carboxymethylcellulose hydrolysates suggested the concerted operation of endo-1,4-β-glucanase, cellobiohydrolase (exo-1,4-β-glucanase) and β-glucosidase activities. The highest levels of cellulolytic activity were obtained in media supplemented with cellulose and glutamate. Other carbon and nitrogen sources markedly influenced growth and enzyme production. Oligonucleotides homologous to specific regions of the cellobiohydrolase-encoding cbhII gene from Trichoderma reesei were used to isolate a C. lindemuthianum cbhII-DNA fragment whose sequence revealed homologies of 98 and 92%25 with the nucleotide and the deduced amino acid sequences of the corresponding cbhII-DNA of T. reesei, respectively. RT-PCR and Southern blot analyses of total RNA samples obtained from cellulose-grown but not from glucose-grown mycelium revealed the expression of the corresponding cbhII transcript. The cbhII-cDNA fragment was cloned and sequenced. © Springer 2005.

publication date

  • 2005-01-01