Physical-chemical study of IPETC and PAX collector's adsorption on covellite surface Article uri icon


  • The adsorption mechanisms of the collectors O-isopropyl-N-ethyl thionocarbamate (IPETC) and potassium amyl xanthate (PAX) on a covellite surface were studied through microflotation tests, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The microflotation test demonstrated that the collectors have a marked effect on the covellite flotation and that covellite flotation is not pH-dependent. The FT-IR spectra for covellite treated with IPETC and PAX collectors at pH 8 and 11 does not differ significantly. For IPETC, the leading adsorption –C(=S) –NH group vibration was identified, and the NH stretching band is absent from both spectra. The spectra show the frequencies for the PAX, Cu-amylxanthate (CuAX), and (AX)2 dixantogen that formed. The XPS spectra showed that the adsorption mechanism of PAX on the covellite surface is principally through C 1 s and S 2p. The adsorption mechanism of IPETC on the covellite surface suggests that the bond is enabled through the[dbnd]S element of the collector with Cu atoms in the covellite surface. Finally, the DFT calculations predict that for IPETC the bond with copper only occurred through the C[dbnd]S group. For PAX, the bond with copper occurred through the C[dbnd]S and C–S groups. © 2022 Elsevier B.V.

publication date

  • 2022-01-01