Analysis of Heart Rate Variability to Detect Changes Associated with Stress Using Cardiac Information Obtained via a Smartphone Conference Paper uri icon


  • In this study, the contact image photoplethysmography (iPPG) technique was used through a smartphone video camera, and its usefulness was explored under baseline conditions, stress induced by Stroop test and recovery, taking as reference the heart rate variability (HRV) extracted from the electrocardiography (ECG) in two conditions: 1) spontaneous breathing, and 2) controlled breathing at a fixed rate of 6 breaths per minute. Thanks to the use of smartphones, the measurements were made in the homes of the volunteers, who were provided with the measurement systems. Linear temporal and spectral, as well as nonlinear indexes (Poincaré plot and binary symbolic dynamics) were explored for HRV and pulse rate variability (PRV). Similar results were found for ECG-based HRV and iPPG-based PRV, corroborating the usefulness of iPPG via smartphones in HRV studies, providing an interesting alternative to perform HRV analysis outside research and clinical settings.Clinical Relevance - This study shows the use of a smartphone to extract iPPG-based PRV time series and their linear and nonlinear indexes as a surrogate for ECG-based HRV during stress and a controlled breathing maneuver © 2021 IEEE.

publication date

  • 2021-01-01