Energy processing from fuel-cell systems using a high-gain power dc-dc converter: Analysis, design, and implementation Article uri icon


  • The electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) is characterized by a low and unregulated output voltage; thus, an interface between source and load is required for processing the generated energy by the PEMFC. In this paper, a solution for processing the energy generated by a PEMFC is given. A switching regulator is developed by using a quadratic boost converter with a single switch (QBC-SS). The controller for the QBC-SS is designed using average current-mode (ACM) control, which is easy to implement using analog circuits. The proposed switching regulator ensures high conversion ratios, output voltage regulation, adequate dynamic performance, and stability. On the other hand, a model with static characteristics for the PEMFC electrical behavior is proposed, which can be used for modeling and control purposes. This model consists of three parameters, which are computed using experimental data of the PEMFC stack. A laboratory prototype of 400 W is used to verify the analytical results. As an input source, a PEMFC system is used. The output voltage of the PEMFC stack ranges from 41 V to 24 V, which depends on the generated current. Experimental results applying load step changes and frequency response analysis are shown. © 2021 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC

publication date

  • 2021-01-01