Reusability in visible light of titanate nanotubes for the removal of organic pollutants: role of calcination temperature Article uri icon


  • Titanate nanotubes (NTs) were synthesised by the hydrothermal method and later calcined at temperatures between 100–500°C. The calcined NTs were characterised and evaluated in the physicochemical adsorption of the safranin dye and photocatalytic degradation of caffeine. The materials calcined at low temperatures displayed a tubular structure and the H2Ti3O7 crystalline phase, which was transformed into anatase nanoparticles at 400°C. The NTs treated at 100°C showed the highest adsorption capacity (94%25). Safranin was adsorbed through an ion-exchange mechanism, following the Langmuir isotherm and a pseudo-second-order kinetic model. While NTs calcined at lower temperatures were better for adsorption, the photocatalytic degradation of caffeine increased in samples calcined at higher temperatures with a maximum removal of 72%25. The photocatalytic behaviour of the NT samples confirmed that the crystalline anatase structure in conjunction with structural OH groups enhanced the photocatalytic activity. The addition of isopropanol as a scavenger confirmed the important role played by the •OH radicals in the photocatalytic process. NTs calcined at 300°C were efficient for both adsorption and photocatalytic processes. Due to its efficiency, this sample was reused after dye adsorption for the photocatalytic degradation of caffeine under visible light due to its enhanced absorbance in the visible region. This research work shows the potential of NTs for wastewater purification. © 2021 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor %26 Francis Group.

publication date

  • 2021-01-01