Time-Frequency Analysis of Cardiovascular Variability during an Orthostatic Stress by Complete EMD Conference Paper uri icon


  • Diverse analysis techniques have been used to comprehend the regulation by the autonomic nervous system (ANS) of the cardiovascular system when a human being faces a stressor. Recently, however, the complete ensemble empirical mode decomposition (EMD) with adaptive noise (CEEMDAN) allows analyzing nonstationary signals in a nonlinear and time- variant way. Consequently, CEEMDAN may provide a means to obtain clues about ANS regulation in health and disease. In this study, we analyze the average Hilbert-Huang spectrum (HHS) of cardiovascular variability signals by CEEMDAN during a head-up tilt test (HUTT) in 12 healthy female subjects and 18 orthostatic intolerance female patients. Beat-to-beat intervals (BBI) as well as systolic (SYS) blood pressure variability time series were analyzed. In addition, instantaneous amplitudes and frequencies of specific intrinsic mode functions (IMF) were investigated separately to define the influence of the disease on ANS regulation. Female groups demonstrated statistical differences in the high-frequency band of BBI but higher differences for the high and low-frequency bands of SYS from the mechanical transition of HUTT.Clinical Relevance - A relevant outcome of the study is the average HHS of healthy female subjects along HUTT. This HHS may be used as reference to help diagnose OI when HHS of the cardiovascular variability signals of any subject deviates from the normal course. © 2020 IEEE.

publication date

  • 2020-01-01