DNA damage in different wildlife species exposed to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) from the delta of the Coatzacoalcos river, Mexico Article uri icon


  • The delta of the Coatzacoalcos river is a priority region for the biological conservation in the Gulf of Mexico. Environmental studies in the area have detected a complex mixture of contaminants where the presence of Persistent organic compounds (POPs) is highlighted. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) integrity of biological populations are global concerns due to their ecological implications. The purpose of this study was to measure the exposure to POPs and DNA damage in nine species residing in the Coatzacoalcos river classified by taxonomic group, type of habitat and feeding habits. Total POPs concentrations (minimum and maximum) detected for all species were from 22.7 to 24,662.1 ng/g l.w; and the values of DNA damage (minimum and maximum) varied from 0.7 to 20.5 and from 6.5 to 56.8 μm (Olive tail moment and tail length respectively). Broadly speaking, reptiles, species residing in the wetland and the ones with a carnivorous diet showed higher levels of POPs and DNA damage. This study provides us with a baseline of the state of POPs contamination and shows the degree of environmental stress to which the different components of the ecosystem of the Coatzacoalcos river delta are subject to. © 2019 Elsevier Inc.

publication date

  • 2019-01-01