Phase correlation with sub-pixel accuracy: A comparative study in 1D and 2D Article uri icon


  • Abstract Six methods for the accurate estimation of the phase-correlation maxima are discussed and evaluated in this article for one- and two-dimensional signals. The evaluation was carried out under a rigid image registration framework, where artificially generated transformations were used in order to perform a quantitative assessment of the accuracy of each method and its robustness in the presence of noise, incomplete data, or extreme transformations. Another round of tests were performed with real cases where the true transformation is unknown, and not necessarily rigid; for these tests, quantitative evaluation was achieved by means of the root mean square error of the overlapping area between the two aligned images. While most methods behaved similarly under difficult conditions, three of the methods under study displayed clear advantages under mild levels of noise, low transformation complexity, and small percentages of missing data. These methods are the local center of mass, sinc function fitting, and minimization of the POC gradient magnitude. The other tested methods included quadratic fitting, linear fitting in the frequency domain, and up-sampling; however, these methods did not perform consistently well. © 2015 Elsevier Inc.

publication date

  • 2015-01-01